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Name: 
 

Properties of Matter - Practice Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

Matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

2. 

A gaslike mixture with no definite volume or shape that is made up of positively and negatively charged particles is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

3. 

Matter with no definite volume and no definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

4. 

Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

5. 

Matter in which the particles are free to move in all directions until they have spread evenly throughout their container is a _____.
a.
gas
b.
liquid
c.
plasma
d.
solid
e.
buoyant
 

6. 

The pressure of a gas will increase as the volume of the container decreases, provided the temperature does NOT change is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

7. 

The idea that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature provided the pressure does NOT change is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

8. 

The buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

9. 

Whether an object will sink or float in a fluid is determined by _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
heat of fusion
c.
Charles's law
d.
the amount of buoyant force
e.
Pascal's principle
 

10. 

Bernoulli's principle explains why _____.
a.
boats float
b.
cooled objects contract
c.
heated objects expand
d.
heat of fusion exists
e.
planes fly
 

11. 

The most common state of matter in the universe is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

12. 

Three examples of physical change are _____.
a.
boiling of water, bursting a balloon, and melting a candle
b.
burning of gasoline, rotting of an egg, and exploding fireworks
c.
freezing of water, evaporation of gasoline, and rusting a nail
d.
sawing of wood, crushing a can, and toasting a marshmallow
 

13. 

_____ is a substance.
a.
Lemonade
c.
Seawater
b.
Soil
d.
Steam
 

14. 

The color of ink is a _____.
a.
chemical change
c.
physical change
b.
chemical property
d.
physical property
 

15. 

Smoke is an example of a _____.
a.
colloid
b.
mixture
c.
solution
d.
substance
e.
suspension
 

16. 

_____ is another name for a homogeneous mixture.
a.
Liquid
c.
Substance
b.
Solution
d.
Suspension
 

17. 

When two or more substances are combined so each substance maintains its own properties, the result is _____.
a.
a chemical change
c.
an element
b.
a compound
d.
a mixture
 

18. 

_____ is NOT homogeneous.
a.
A compound
c.
A solution
b.
An element
d.
A suspension
 

19. 

In a solution, the substance that is being dissolved is the _____.
a.
gas
c.
solute
b.
liquid
d.
solvent
 

20. 

The oceans are an example of _____ solution.
a.
an anhydrous
c.
a liquid
b.
a gaseous
d.
a solid
 

21. 

A solution that contains all the solute it can hold at a given temperature is _____.
a.
diluted
c.
supersaturated
b.
saturated
d.
unsaturated
 

22. 

An alloy is an example of a _____ solution.
a.
dilute
c.
liquid
b.
gaseous
d.
solid
 

23. 

The amount of solute that can be dissolved in a specific amount of solvent at a given temperature is its _____.
a.
concentration
c.
dilution
b.
density
d.
solubility
 

24. 

Which of the following will speed up the dissolving of a solid solute in water?
a.
Cool the solution.
c.
Grind up the solvent.
b.
Freeze the solute.
d.
Stir the solution.
 

Yes/No
Indicate whether you agree with the sentence or statement.
 
 
You are given a flask that contains 250 mL of a clear, brown liquid. You shine a light through the liquid, and no light beam is visible. In the following list of items, record a Y if that item could be a valid inference for the liquid. Record an N if that item could not be a valid inference.
 

25. 

substance
 

26. 

colloid
 

27. 

solution of a solid in a liquid
 

28. 

suspension
 

29. 

solution of a liquid in a liquid
 

Matching
 
 
Match the labeled parts of Figure 9-1 to the correct terms below.

properties_of_matte_files/i0340000.jpg
 

30. 

pure element
 

31. 

mixture of two elements
 

32. 

pure compound
 

33. 

mixture of two compounds
 

34. 

mixture of a compound and an element
 

Short Answer
 
 
properties_of_matte_files/i0410000.jpg
 

35. 

According to Figure 15-1, how many grams of KBr are needed to make a saturated solution in 100 g of water at 30ºC?
 

36. 

From Figure 15-1, the solubility of which salt is least affected by temperature?
 

37. 

From Figure 15-1, which salt is more soluble in water, KCl or KBr?
 

38. 

According to Figure 15-1, at what temperature is the solubility of KBr the same as that of KNO3?
 



 
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