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Solids, Liquids and Gases

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
 

1. 

If heated water is cooled before it is released into rivers, thermal pollution is reduced.  _______________

 

2. 

Most solids are noncrystalline.  _______________

 

3. 

When evaporating a liquid, you add heat until the liquid reaches a temperature at which it changes to bubbles of gas below its surface.  _______________

 

4. 

The melting point is the same temperature as the freezing point for a substance.  _______________

 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

5. 

Matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

6. 

Matter in which particles are arranged in repeating geometric patterns is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

7. 

A gaslike mixture with no definite volume or shape that is made up of positively and negatively charged particles is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

8. 

Matter with no definite volume and no definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

9. 

Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

10. 

Matter in which the particles are free to move in all directions until they have spread evenly throughout their container is a _____.
a.
gas
b.
liquid
c.
plasma
d.
solid
e.
buoyant
 

11. 

Most matter _____ when heated.
a.
condenses
c.
expands
b.
contracts
d.
solidifies
 

12. 

Water that contains such high levels of unwanted materials that it is unacceptable for drinking or other specific purposes is _____.
a.
condensed
b.
expanded
c.
fertilized
d.
polluted
e.
biodegradable
 

13. 

Excess heat in rivers is caused by _____ pollution.
a.
environmental
c.
air
b.
thermal
d.
water
 

14. 

The amount of energy needed to change a material from a solid state to the liquid state is called the heat of _____.
a.
condensation
b.
evaporation
c.
fertilization
d.
fusion
e.
vaporization
 

15. 

The amount of energy needed to change a material from a liquid state to a gas is called the heat of _____.
a.
condensation
b.
evaporation
c.
fertilization
d.
fusion
e.
vaporization
 

16. 

The pressure of a gas will increase as the volume of the container decreases, provided the temperature does NOT change is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

17. 

The idea that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature provided the pressure does NOT change is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

18. 

The buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

19. 

As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases. This is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

20. 

Pressure applied to the fluid that is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

21. 

Hydraulic machines work by applying _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
Boyle's law
c.
Charles's law
d.
Archimedes' principle
e.
Pascal's principle
 

22. 

Whether an object will sink or float in a fluid is determined by _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
heat of fusion
c.
Charles's law
d.
the amount of buoyant force
e.
Pascal's principle
 

23. 

Bernoulli's principle explains why _____.
a.
boats float
b.
cooled objects contract
c.
heated objects expand
d.
heat of fusion exists
e.
planes fly
 

24. 

As a sample of matter is heated, its particles _____.
a.
are unaffected
c.
move more slowly
b.
move more quickly
d.
stop moving
 

25. 

The most common state of matter in the universe is a _____.
a.
gas
c.
plasma
b.
liquid
d.
solid
 

26. 

Hot water that is produced by electric power plants and released into rivers and streams causes _____.
a.
biodegradable waste
c.
thermal pollution
b.
salt water
d.
toxic water
 

27. 

The idea that matter is made up of small particles that are in constant motion is _____.
a.
Bernoulli's principle
b.
heat of fusion
c.
Charles's law
d.
the kinetic theory of matter
e.
Pascal's principle
 

28. 

The particles that make up a solid move _____ than do the particles that make up a gas.
a.
in the same way
c.
more quickly and farther
b.
more quickly
d.
more slowly
 

29. 

Pesticides, fertilizers, and industrial waste can all _____.
a.
cause thermal pollution
c.
pollute water supplies
b.
increase freshwater supplies
d.
produce salt water
 

30. 

As the temperature of a gas increases, the volume of the gas will _____, if the pressure remains the same.
a.
decrease
b.
increase
c.
remain the same
 

31. 

As the volume of a gas decreases, the pressure of the gas will _____, if the temperature remains the same.
a.
decrease
b.
increase
c.
remain the same
 



 
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